Our review on next-generation sequencing (NGS) in drug development is published online in Drug Discovery Today. It can be downloaded for free at https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1359644618300400.


Next-generation sequencing (NGS) enabled high-throughput analysis of genotype–phenotype relationships on human populations, ushering in a new era of genetics-informed drug development. The year 2017 was remarkable, with the first FDA-approved gene therapy for cancer (Kymriah™) and for inherited diseases (LUXTURNA™), the first multiplex NGS panel for companion diagnostics (MSK-IMPACT™) and the first drug targeting a genetic signature rather than a disease (Keytruda®). We envision that population-scale NGS with paired electronic health records (EHRs) will become a routine measure in the drug development process for the identification of novel drug targets, and that genetically stratified clinical trials could be widely adopted to improve power in precision-medicine-guided drug development.